From the end of the 4th millennium B.C. there are traces of human existence in Amorgos. During antiquity Amorgos becomes one of the most important centers of the Cycladic civilization. Later on during the Minoan era, in the island arrive a lot of Minoans founding one of the first cities of the island, the Minoa. Later on Naxians found Arkesini, today’s area Kastri and at the same time, Milisians are establishing in Aigiali, today called Tholaria. These were during antiquity the most important cities of the island. Amorgos had the same fortune with the rest of the Cycladic islands and after the revolution of 1821 it was united with the newly founded Greek state.
Amorgos is a Cycladic island of the Aegean Sea. It is located in the southeast area of Cyclades, southeast of Naxos and 136 nautic miles from Piraeus. Its area is estimated about 121 square kilometers while its coastline is 126 kilometers. It is a long and narrow island that expands from southwest to northeast with steep mountain morphology in the grounds. It has two natural ports, Katapola and Aigiali, both located in the north shore. The capital of the island is Chora and the main port is Katapola.
Amorgos had a population of 1859 people during the population count in 2001. The residents are occupied mainly by agriculture, animal breeding and fishing.